25/26 June 1942|
Wellington Mk III - X3554 - KO-Q
Reported "Landed in sea" but ASRS failed to locate crew.
Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.
The 'Thousand Force' was reassembled for this raid,
although only 960 aircraft became available for Bomber Command use.
Every type of aircraft in Bomber command was included,
even the Bostons and Mosquitos of 2 Group which, so far, had only been used for day operations.
The force was composed as follows:
20 Manchesters and
A further 102 Hudsons and Wellingtons of Coastal Command were sent to Bremen.
5 further aircraft provided by Army Co-Operation Command were also added to the force.
The final numbers dispatched, 1,067 aircraft.
Parts of the force were allocated to specific targets in Bremen.
The entire 5 Group effort - 142 aircraft - was ordered to bomb the Focke-Wulf factory;
20 Blenheims were allocated to the A.G. Weser shipyard;
the Coastal Command aircraft were to bomb the Deschimag shipyard;
all other aircraft were to carry out an area attack on the town and docks.
The tactics were basically similar to the earlier 'Thousand' raids except that the bombing period was now cut to 65 minutes.
Bremen, on the wide River Weser, should have been an easy target to find and the inland
penetration of the German night-fighter belt was only a shallow one.
There were doubts about a band of cloud which lay across the Bremen area during the day,
but this was being pushed steadily eastwards by a strong wind.
Unfortunately the wind dropped in the evening and the bomber crews found the target completely
covered for the whole period of the raid.
The limited success which was gained was entirely due to the use of Gee, which enabled the leading
crews to start fires, on to the glow of which many aircraft of later waves bombed.
696 Bomber Command aircraft were able to claim attacks on Bremen.
572 houses were completely destroyed and 6,108 damaged. 85 people were killed, 497 injured and 2,378 bombed out.
On the industrial side, an assembly shop at the Focke-Wulf factory was completely flattened,
a further 6 buildings at this factory were seriously damaged and 11 buildings lightly so.
Damage was also experienced by 4 important industrial firms - the Atlas Werke, the Vulkan shipyard,
the Norddeutsche Hütte and the Korff refinery - and by 2 large dockside warehouses.
The actual losses of the Bomber Command aircraft involved in the raid were 48 aircraft,
including 4 which came down in the sea near England from which all but 2 crew members were rescued.
This was a new record loss. It represented exactly 5 per cent of the Bomber Command aircraft dispatched.
This time, heaviest casualties were suffered by the OTUs of 91 Group,
which lost 23 of the 198 Whitleys and Wellingtons provided by that group,
a loss of 11.6 per cent. 5 of the 102 Coastal Command aircraft were also lost.
Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk - Bomber Command - Campaign Diary June 1942.
ORB. 25th. June, 1942.
18 aircraft (10 from 'A' Flight and 8 from 'B' Flight)
took off between 2325 and 2354 hours to attack BREMEN.
12 of the aircraft successfully located and attacked target and bombing from heights ranging
between 13000 and 15000 feet dropped their bombs in 10/10ths cloud by T.R. and D.R. fixes.
A few bursts were observed and several large fires seen scattered over target area.
leaflets were dropped.
One aircraft (A/C. A.X.3726 - Captain P/O. A'COURT) attacked alternative target WILHELMSHAVEN
and bombing from a height of 14000 feet on T.R. and D.R. fix dropped his bombs and observed the glow
of the bursts reflected on the clouds, no further results being seen.
2 aircraft brought all bombs back due to inability to locate target.
(A/C. V.X.3601 - Captain F/S. LOUGHEAD. E.)
(A/C. Y.X.3351 - Captain Sgt. WILLIAMS. J.)
1 aircraft (A/C. P.X.3662 - Captain P/O. I. C. B. SLADE) brought all bombs back due to total hang-up.
1 aircraft (A/C. Z.X.3343 - Captain Sgt. FLETCHER. J.) jettisoned some of its bombs after failing to
identify target definitely, and brought back the remainder.
1 aircraft failed to return to base after operations.
0528. All the aircraft with the exception of A/C. Q.X.3554 (Captain P/O. CROXTON) had returned safely to base after operations.
P/O - Service No 107486
Son of William and Jessica Croxton, of Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia.
Runnymede Memorial - panel 69
P/O - Service No 113352
Age: 25 - °1916
Son of Percy James Bales and Isabel Jane Bales, of Enfield, Middlesex.
Brother of Dennis Bales °1916, Ronald Eddie Ernest Bales°1918 and
Raymond Victor Arthur Bales °1922.
Runnymede Memorial - panel 68
P/O - Service No 108831
Son of Evan Howard Williams and Ethel Violet Williams.
Husband of Muriel Bessie Williams, of New Barnet, Hertfordshire.
Runnymede Memorial - panel 72
Sgt - Service No 1326329
Age: 27 - Was found in the sea 31 July 1942.
Son of Hezekiah and Elizebeth Abbott, of Leeds, Yorkshire.
Husband of Eileen Abbott, of Leeds.
Kiel War Cemetery - 2. G. 18.
Sgt - Service No 1287043
Runnymede Memorial - panel 95