11/12 April 1940|
Wellington Mk IC - P9284 - KO-J
Shot down in the target area by flak.
First intentional raid by Bomber Commmand on a European mainland target.
Attack on Aerodrome.
1800. S/L DuBOULAY's section and P/O BARBER's section comprising F/O SCOTT and
F/S POWELL took off to attack STAVANGER Aerodrome.
2300. The first aircraft returned.
2345. F/S POWELL, the fifth aircraft to return, landed with undercarriage up owing to damage by A.A.
One aircraft, P/O BARBER, was brought down by A.A. at STAVANGER.
P.9284. was shot down and crashed in flames.
P.9271. was hit 3 times, and F/S. POWELL and LAC. HODGSON wounded, and hydraulic damaged.
F/S. POWELL flew home and landed with wheels up.
(Was awarded D.F.M. for this flight)
P.9235. (Captain F/O. Scott) was hit by one light A.A. shell and the navigator,
Sgt. SMITH badly wounded.
Sgt. NEWBERRY, 2nd pilot, navigated home.
Wellington P9284 was the lead aircraft in the second wave of the raid, and crashed on top of a bakery in Stavanger.
Other sources say that P9284 crashed on top of Storhaug School in Stavanger, killing two (or three) civilians in the building.
Recce flights in the first week of April showed that the Germans were massing an invasion fleet - possibly bound for Norway.
This proved to be correct as they invaded at dawn on the 9th. Denmark was also occupied within hours.
Bomber Command was ordered to halt the German advance through southern Norway, but with round trips of over 1,000 miles
entirely over sea, support for ground forces (who landed in the north at Narvik) was very non-existent.
On the 12th, 6 Hampdens and 3 Wellingtons were lost during an attack on Stavangar, this proving to be the end of daylight
raids for these aircraft.
During the night of 13/14th April, Hampdens carried out the first minelaying ('Gardening') sorties of the war and these operations
were carried out almost nightly for many months.
Bomber Command paid particular attention to the airfields in its reach, notably those at Stavangar, Trondheim and Oslo in an effort
to deny their use by the Luftwaffe.
These appear to have had little success as by the end of the month photos showed over 150 German aircraft at Stavangar alone.
The night of 25/26th April saw the probable loss of the first Bomber Command aircraft to a German fighter when a Hampden of
No 49 Squadron was engaged near Sylt.
Source: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ - Bomber Command diary
P/O - Serv. No 36223
Son of Arthur Thomas Barber and Priscilla Thurza Barber.
Stavanger Churchyard - Eiganes - Z. 42.
P/O - Serv. No 36180
Son of David and Alice Ann Rankin, of Wellington City, New Zealand.
Stavanger Churchyard - Eiganes - Z. 43.
Sgt - Serv. No 580805
Age : 20
Son of Sydney Augustus and Florence Winslade Pearce, of Southend-on-Sea, Essex.
Stavanger Churchyard - Eiganes - Z. 45.
Sgt - Serv. No 514904
Son of William Mark and Maud Juby.
Husband of Hilda Gladys Juby
Stavanger Churchyard - Eiganes - Z. 40.
Leading Aircraftman - Serv. No 545537
Son of Leonard Edgar and Elsie Westcott, of Pershore, Worcestershire.
Stavanger Churchyard - Eiganes - Z. 44.