Lancaster DS765 16/17 December 1943

Lancaster Mk II - DS835 KO-K

T/O Newmarket 1712 - target Berlin, Germany.
Crashed at Kruisberg Dune near Heemskerk, Netherlands.
Cause of crash possible engine failure on its first operational flight with only 4 hours flying time recorded. (Exploded in mid air).
Equipment: IFF, GEE, MONICA.

Bomb Load: 1 x 4000lbs, 6 x SBC 4lbs incendiaries, 4 x SBC 30lbs incendairies.

Route: SOUTHWOLD - 5250N 0330E - 5235N 0440E - 5238N 1005E - 5238N 1220E - BERLIN -
5243N 1400E - 5525N 0938E - 5523N 0825E - 5510N 0700E - CROMER - BASE.

Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.

483 Lancasters and 10 Mosquitos on the main raid to Berlin and 5 further Mosquitos dropped
decoy fighter flares south of Berlin.

The bomber route again led directly to Berlin across Holland and Northern Germany and there were no major diversions.
The German controllers plotted the course of the bombers with great accuracy; many German fighters were met at the
coast of Holland and further fighters were guided on to the bomber stream throughout the approach to the target.
More fighters were waiting at the target and there were many combats.
The bombers shook off the opposition on the return flight by taking a northerly route over Denmark.

Berlin was cloud-covered but the Pathfinder skymarking was reasonably accurate and much
of the bombing fell in the city.
In the city centre, the National Theatre and the building housing Germany's military and political
archives were both destroyed.
The damage to the Berlin railway system and to rolling stock, and the large numbers of people
still leaving the city, were having a cumulative effect upon the transportation of supplies to the Russian Front;
1,000 wagon-loads of war material were held up for 6 days.
The sustained bombing had now made more than a quarter of Berlin's total living accommodation unusable.

25 Lancasters, 5.2 per cent of the Lancaster force, were lost. Many further aircraft were lost on returning to England.

On their return to England, many of the bombers encountered very low cloud at their bases.
The squadrons of 1, 6 and No 8 Groups were particularly badly affected. 29 Lancasters
(and a Stirling from the minelaying operation) either crashed or were abandoned when their crews parachuted.
The group with heaviest losses was No 1 Group with 13 aircraft lost;
the squadron with heaviest losses was 97 Squadron, No 8 Group, with 7 aircraft lost.

Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk - Bomber Command - Campaign Diary December 1943.

ORB. 16th Dec. 1943.
16 aircraft were detailed to attack BERLIN - 2 of them were cancelled.
14 aircraft took off between 16.45 hours and 18.10 hours
1 aircraft failed to return from operations.
2 aircraft were forced to abandon the sortie,
one *(E.D.S.795 - Captain F/O. W. W. RYDER) due to intercom failure and unserviceability of rear turret,
and the other (A.D.S.682 - Captain F/S. ANDERSON, S.) due to rear turret being unserviceability.
The former returned to base early after jettisoning his bombs live on WOGNUM.
This *aircraft, on return, collided with with a Stirling aircraft over base causing conciderable damage to tail,
but managed to land without further trouble.
The other aircraft returned to base early after jettisoning his bombs.
The remaining eleven aircraft identified the target by means of red and green target markers on which they
dropped their bombs from heights ranging between 20,000 feet and 23,000 feet.
The result of the bombing was unobserved due to cloud, but the glow of many fires was seen.
Photographs were attempted.
On return, the aircraft were diverted to FOULSHAM, but, owing to weather conditions, one
(S.D.S.833 - Captain F/S. MILGATE, H.) (2) (B.D.S.827 - Captain W/O. JOLLY, W. - DFM.) landed at LITTLE SNORING,
one at SWANTON MORLEY (G.S.D.667 - Captain F/L. G. Y. MACKIE - two aircraft (one a Lancaster) were seen to collide
& go down in flames)
and another (V.D.S.620 - Captain F/S. HAMMOND, G.) at COLTISHALL.

00.55. 13 aircraft had returned from operations.

DS835Churchyard at Heemskerk.
Photo via Ian Barbour, New Zealand.

L > R.
Sgt. Cowdry Alfred - Sgt. Seatter Harcus - Ward John - P/O. Newton Norman, DFC - Grant Dennis - P/O. Downs Ernest - F/S. Lewis Islwyn.

Photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk.

Newton Norman Thomas Newton Norman Thomas - Pilot

P/O - Service No 416526 - DFC

Age: 23 - °4 May 1920 - Also served in the Wellington Regt.

RNZAF

Son of Thomas Henry Newton and of Lily Rose Reading,
of Wellington City, New Zealand.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 308.

Source: CWGC - photo via Auckland War Memorial Museum - Traces of war - Find a Grave.

Seatter Harcus Seatter Harcus - FE

Sgt - Service No 1461723

Age: 28

RAFVR

Son of Mr. and Mrs. G. D. Seatter, of Oulton, Norfolk.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Row 1. Grave 304.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave..

Downs Ernest John Hamlin Downs Ernest John Hamlin - Nav

P/O - Service No 162544

Age: 21

RAFVR

Son of Francis Richard and Amy Eliza Downs, of Bristol.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 307.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave.

Lewis Islwyn Lewis Islwyn - WOP

F/S - Service No 1314450

Age: 21

RAFVR

Son of Stephen A. and Annie Lewis, of Barry, Glamorgan.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 309.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave.

Ray Geoffrey Arthur William Ray Geoffrey Arthur William - BA

Sgt - Service No 1323244

Age: 21 - °25 June 1922

RAFVR

Son of Frank Weedon Ray and Ada Elizabeth Ray,
of St. Albans, Hertfordshire.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 309.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave.

Cowdrey Alfred George Cowdrey Alfred George - MUG

Sgt - Service No 643825

Age: 22

RAF

Son of Alfred William and Ellen Cowdrey, of Eastney, Portsmouth.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 305.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave.

Hawkins Ronald Hawkins Ronald - RG

Sgt - Service No 1585262

Age: 19

RAFVR

Son of Walter and Elizabeth Hawkins.
Husband of Beryl Joyce Hawkins.

Heemskerk Protestant Churchyard - Plot 1. Grave 306.

Source: CWGC - photo via Historische Kring Heemskerk. - Traces of war - Find a Grave.