13/14 June 1944
Lancaster Mk I - HK545 KO-E
Shot down by a night fighter and crashed at Gelsenkirchen-Benzin HQ,3 Km W of Gelsenkirchen.
ORB 13 June 1944. 8 aircraft were detailed to attack GELSENKIRCHEN and took off between 23.24 hours & 23.33 hours.
1 aircraft E.HK.545 (Captain S/L. W. G. SHADFORTH, DFC.) failed to return from Operations - no news being received.
The remainder successfuly identified the target by means of red & green indicator markers on which they dropped
their bombs from heights ranging between 17,500 feet and 20,000 feet. Several bomb bursts were seen across the
target and many red & orange explosions with much black smoke were observed. Attack was very successful. Photographs were attemped.
1 aircraft sustained damage by Flak.
03.05, 7 aircraft had returned to Base after Operations.
Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.
303 aircraft - 286 Lancasters and 17 Mosquitos of Nos 1, 3 and 8 Groups, carried out the first raid of the new oil campaign; the target was the Nordstern synthetic-oil plant at Gelsenkirchen (the Germans called the plant Gelsenberg AG).
The attack opened with exceptional accuracy owing to good work by the Pathfinders and to improved versions of Oboe sets now available. Later phases of the bombing were spoiled by the clouds of smoke from the burning target and by a rogue target indicator which fell 10 miles short of the target and was bombed by 35 aircraft.
A German industrial report shows that all production at the oil plant ceased, with a loss of 1,000 tons of aviation fuel a day for several weeks, as well as the loss of other fuels.
17 Lancasters were lost, 6.1 per cent of the Lancaster force.
Source: nat.arch.gov.uk - Bomber Command - Campaign Diary June 1944.
Photo via: Aircrew Remembered.
S/L - Service No 61040 - DFC LONDON GAZETTE, 9 JUNE, 1944 2755
Son of William and Emily Harriett Shadforth.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 19. F. 16.
Son of Joseph and Caroline Veale.
Husband of Catherine Veale, of Bristol.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 19. G. 17.
F/S - Service No 1393242
Son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Parkyn, of Crouch Hill, Middlesex.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 13. C. 9.
Son of William and Isabella Weir, of Motherwell, Lanarkshire.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 19. F. 17.
F/O - Service No 422765
Son of Sherwood and Elizabeth Mary Townend,
of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 19. G. 14.
F/S - Service No 1382100
Son of William Arthur and Rose Ann Farley, of South Lambeth, London.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 13. C. 10.
F/O - Service No 41400
Age: 22 - °9 December 1921, Hawera, Taranaki, New Zealand.
Son of William Entwistle and of Ella Margaret Townsend, of Hawera, Taranaki, New Zealand.
Reichswald Forest Cemetery - grave 19. G. 18.