115 Squadron
1940 - 1945

12/13 April 1942

Wellington Mk III - X3596 - KO-B

T/O Marham 2257. Target: Essen, Germany. Shot down by a night figther, Crashed at 0100 in the IJsselmeer E of the island of Urk, Netherlands.

Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.

251 aircraft - 171 Wellingtons, 31 Hampdens, 27 Stirlings, 13 Halifaxes, 9 Manchesters.

173 aircraft claimed to have bombed Essen but their bombing photographs showed a wide area of the Ruhr. Essen's records show a slight improvement in the bombing. 5 high-explosive and 200 incendiary bombs hit the Krupps factory and a large fire was started there. 28 private dwellings were destroyed and 50 seriously damaged. 27 people were killed, 36 injured and 9 were missing.
This raid concluded a disappointing series of raids on this target, which was judged to be the heart of the German armaments industry. There had been 8 heavy raids since the first Gee raid on 8/9 March.

These are the conclusions:

Aircraft dispatched: 1,555
Crews reported bombing Essen: 1,006
Aircraft lost: 64
Aircraft bombing photographs within 5 miles of Essen: 22

Essen's records show that industrial damage was caused on only 2 occasions - a fire in the Krupps factory and a few bombs on some nearby railway lines - that 63 civilians were killed and that a modest amount of residential property had been hit.

10 aircraft - 7 Wellingtons, 2 Hampdens, 1 Halifax - lost.

Source: .nationalarchives.gov.uk - Bomber Command - Campaign Diary April 1942.

Holder Albert Ernest Holder Albert Ernest (Jim) - Pilot

Sgt - Service No 1376202

Age: 27

RAFVR

Son of Albert and Thirza Louisa Holder.
Husband of Winifred May Holder, of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire.

His brother Reg was a radio technician at RAF Honington. The two brothers often conversed on the radio on the Wellington's return flight to base and Reg has been best man at Albert's wedding in May 1941.

Source: The Wellington Bomber by Martin W Bowman.

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row D. Grave 12.

Source: CWGC

Blair Noel Hensley Blair Noel Hensley - 2nd Pilot

Sgt - Service No 404515

Age: 24

RNZAF

Son of Charles and Clara Blair, of Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand.

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row D. Grave 13.

Source: CWGC - Photo: New Zealand War Graves project

Barlow Ronald William Barlow Ronald William - Observer

P/O - Service No 106537

Age: 25

RAFVR

Son of Edmund and Ada Miller Barlow, of Stockport, Cheshire. B.A. Hons. (Oxon.); Scholar of Brasenose College; Diplomas in Economics and General Science. President and Captain, Oxford University Lacrosse team, 1937.

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row D. Grave 15.

Source: CWGC

Raiswell Kenneth John Raiswell Kenneth John - W.Op./Air Gnr

Sgt - Service No 1151893

Age: 19

RAFVR

Son of John and Mabel Raiswell, of Gowerton, Glamorgan.

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row C. Grave 13.

Source: GWGC - photo: The Gowertonian Society

Phillips Thomas James Phillips Thomas James - W.Op./Air Gnr.

Sgt - Service No 977631

Age:

RAFVR

Son of

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row D. Grave 11.

Source: CWGC

Ryan Thomas Ryan Thomas - RG

Sgt - Service No 621697

Age: 22

RAF

Son of Johana Ryan.

Amsterdam New Eastern General Cemetery - Plot 85. Row D. Grave 14.

Source: CWGC