115 Squadron
1940 - 1945

14 October 1944

Lancaster Mk I - HK599 KO-K

T/O Witchford 0710 - target Duisburg Docks, Germany. "Operation Hurricane". Shot down by flak.

Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.

Also lost on this mission: Lancaster Mk III ND805 A4-J, 5 KIA, 2 POW

1,013 aircraft - 519 Lancasters, 474 Halifaxes and 20 Mosquitos - were dispatched to Duisburg with RAF fighters providing an escort.

This raid was part of a special operation which has received little mention in the history books. On 13 October, Sir Arthur Harris received the directive for "Operation Hurricane":

"In order to demonstrate to the enemy in Germany generally the overwhelming superiority of the Allied Air Forces in this theatre ... the intention is to apply within the shortest practical period the maximum effort of the Royal Air Force Bomber Command and the VIIIth United States Bomber Command against objectives in the densely populated Ruhr."

Bomber Command had probably been forewarned of the directive because it was able to mount the first part of the operation soon after first light on 14 October. No heavy bombers had flown on operations for 48 hours.

957 bombers dropped 3,574 tons of high explosive and 820 tons of incendiaries on Duisburg.

14 aircraft were lost - 13 Lancasters and 1 Halifax; it is probable that the Lancasters provided the early waves of the raid and drew the attention of the German flak before the flak positions were overwhelmed by the bombing.

Source: nationalarchives.gov.uk - Bomber Command - Campaign Diary October 1944.

Lister R. D. Lister R. D. - Pilot

F/O - Service No 152113

Age: - POW No

RAFVR

Son of

Source: 115 Squadron Roll of Honour by D. Bruce, W. R. Chorley, J. G. J. de Haan.

Hughes Peter Herbert Frederick Hughes Peter Herbert Frederick - FE

Sgt - Service No 1894389

Age: 19

RAFVR

Son of William and Agnes Hughes.

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 14.

Source: CWGC.

Brown Ronald Brown Ronald - Nav

F/O - Service No 154592

Age: 21

RAFVR

Son of Douglas and Hilda Marion Brown, of Harefield, Middlesex.

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 9.

Source: CWGC.

Loughnan Justin Francis Loughnan Justin Francis - WOP

P/O - Service No 18119

Age: 25

RAAF

Son of Francis Joseph and Mary Josephine Loughnan, of Glen Iris, Victoria, Australia.

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 13.

Source: CWGC - his file National Archives of Australia

Ford Harry Thomas Ford Harry Thomas - BA

F/O - Service No 154079

Age:

RAFVR

Son of

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 11.

Source: CWGC.

Hamilton Robert Hamilton Robert - MUG

Sgt - Service No 1566443

Age: 21

RAFVR

Son of Alexandra and Mary Hamilton, of Beith, Ayrshire.

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 12.

Source: CWGC.

Eayres Raymond Eayres Raymond - RG

Sgt - Service No 1590859

Age: 19

RAFVR

Son of Wilfred and Ena May Eayres, of Barton-on-Humber, Lincolnshire.

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery - grave 26. E. 10.

Source: CWGC - photo via Erwin Sollie.